These are some more commonly seen microorganisms that Chlorine Dioxide has been proven to eradicate.

The types of microorganisms that Chlorine Dioxide can kill.

According to the Spaulding Classification, categorized by the order of difficulty to kill.

Enveloped, lipid viruses (Influenza): Notably,

Notably, Gram-positive bacteria, such as Enterococcus and Staphylococcus,

Firstly, Gram-negative vegetative bacteria (Escherichia, Pseudomonas)

To elaborate, Fungi (such as Aspergillus and Stachybotrys)

Non-enveloped, non-lipid viruses (Parvoviruses): Notably, resilient Parvoviruses

Mycobacteria (Mycobacterium): A Comprehensive Exploration

Exploring Bacterial Endospores (Clostridium, Bacillus)


microorganisms Bacteria
Bacillus anthracis Ames: 30 cases reported Blakeslea trispora: 28 instances documented
Bordetella bronchiseptica: Recorded 8 cases
Brucella suis: Documented 30 cases
Burkholderia mallei: Notably, 36 cases have been reported
Burkholderia pseudomallei: Similarly, 36 cases documented
Campylobacter jejuni: A significant number, with 39 cases reported
Clostridium botulinum (Botulism): Cases documented at 32
Clostridium difficile: A high number of cases, with 44 reported
Clostridium perfringens (Epsilon Toxin): Remarkably, 59 cases reported
Corynebacterium bovis: With only 8 cases documented
Coxiella burnetii (Q-fever): A substantial 35 cases reported
Escherichia coli (ATCC 11229): Recorded only 3 cases
Escherichia coli (ATCC 51739): Just 1 case documented
Escherichia coli (K12): Similarly, only 1 case reported
Escherichia coli (O157:H7 13B88): Just 1 case noted
Escherichia coli (O157:H7 204P): A mere 1 case recorded
Escherichia coli (O157:H7 ATCC 43895): With only 1 case documented
Escherichia coli (O157:H7 EDL933): 13 cases reported
Escherichia coli (O157:H7 G5303): An additional 1 case documented
Escherichia coli (O157:H7 C7927): Also, just 1 case noted
Erwinia carotovora (soft rot): 21 cases reported
Francisella tularensis: A significant 30 cases documented
Fusarium sambucinum (dry rot): Notably, 21 cases reported
Fusarium solani var. coeruleum (dry rot): Similarly, 21 cases documented
Helminthosporium solani (silver scruff): Also with 21 cases reported
Klebsiella pneumonia: Recorded only 3 cases
Lactobacillus acidophilus NRRL B1910: A mere 1 case documented
Lactobacillus brevis: Similarly, only 1 case noted
Leuconostoc citreum TPB 85: Also, just 1 case reported

Firstly, Lactobacillus buchneri 1

Additionally, Lactobacillus plantarum 5

Moreover, Legionella 38

Furthermore, Legionella pneumophila 42

Conversely, Leuconostoc mesenteroides 5

On the other hand, Listeria innocua ATCC 33090 1

In contrast, Listeria monocytogenes F4248 1

However, Listeria monocytogenes F5069 19

Notably, Listeria monocytogenes LCDC-81-861 1

Surprisingly, Listeria monocytogenes LCDC-81-886 19

Nevertheless, Listeria monocytogenes Scott A 1

Subsequently, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) 3

Furthermore, Multiple Drug Resistant Salmonella typhimurium (MDRS) 3

Likewise, Mycobacterium bovis 8

Correspondingly, Mycobacterium fortuitum 42

On the other hand, Pediococcus acidilactici PH3 1

Consequently, Pediococcus pentosaceus 45

Meanwhile, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 3

Furthermore, Psittacosis (Chlamydia psittaci) 58

Additionally, Salmonella 1

Moreover, Salmonella agona 1

In addition, Salmonella anatum Group E 1

Additionally, Salmonella choleraesuis ATCC 13076 1

Furthermore, Salmonella choleraesuis 8

Besides, Salmonella enterica (PT30) BAA-1045 1

Similarly, Salmonella enterica S. Enteritidis 13

Firstly, Salmonella enterica S. Javiana 13

Next, Salmonella enterica S. Montevideo 13

Additionally, Salmonella javiana 1

Moreover, Salmonella newport 4

Furthermore, Salmonella paratyphi (Typhoid Fever) 52

Subsequently, Salmonella typhimurium C133117 1

Likewise, Salmonella anatum Group E 1

Moving on to Shigella 38

Correspondingly, Staphylococcal enterotoxin B 56

Similarly, Staphylococcus aureus 23

In contrast, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 1

Similarly, Staphylococcus epidermidis 45

Likewise, Staphylococcus faecalis ATCC 344 1

Similarly, Staphylococcus gallinarum 45

Likewise, Staphylococcus hominis 45

Similarly, Staphylococcus xylosus 45

Furthermore, Streptococcus mutans 45

On the other hand, Tuberculosis 3

Additionally, Tsukamurella inchonensis 45

Moreover, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE) 3

Furthermore, Vibrio cholera 53

Moreover, Vibrio strain Da-2 37

Additionally, Vibrio strain Sr-3 37

Moreover, Yersinia enterocolitica 40

In contrast, Yersinia pestis 30

Additionally, Yersinia ruckeri ATCC 29473 31


microorganisms Virus

Adenovirus Type 40 6

Adenovirus Human 62

Adenovirus Canine 62

Arenaviridae (Arenavirus) including Gbagroube, Ippy, Kodoko, Lassa, Lujo, Luna, Lunk, Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis.

 Merino Walk, Menekre, Mobala, Mopeia, Tacaribe, Amapari, Chapare, Flexal, Guanarito, Junin, Latino, Machupo, Oliveros, Parana, Pichinde, Pirital, Sabia, Tamiami, Whitewater Arroyo 54

Calicivirus 42

Canine Distemper Virus 62

Canine Parvovirus 8, 62

Coronavirus 3, 63

COVID-19 63

Ebola Virus 61

Enterovirus including D68, D71 60

Feline Calicivirus 3

Filoviridae (Filovirus) Marburg 54

Hepatitis C Virus 8

Foot and Mouth Disease 8

Hantavirus 8

Hepatitis A Virus 3

Hepatitis B Virus 8

Herpes Virus 62

Human coronavirus 8

Human Immunodeficiency Virus 3

Human Rotavirus Type 2 (HRV) 15

Influenza A 22

Influenza H1N1, H5N1 49

Influenza H1N1, H1N2, H2N2, H3N1, H3N2, H3N8, H5N1, H5N2, H5N3, H5N8, H5N9, H7N1, H7N2, H7N3, H7N4, H7N7, H9N2, and H10N7 50

Influenza H7N9 51

Measles Virus 62

Minute Virus of Mouse (Parvovirus, MVM-i) 8

Minute Virus of Mouse (Parvovirus, MVM-p) 8

Norwalk Virus 8

Poliovirus 20

Rotavirus 3

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Coronavirus 43, 63

SARS-coV-2 63

Sialodacryoadenitis Virus (SDAV) 8

Simian rotavirus SA-11 15

Theiler’s Mouse Encephalomyelitis Virus (TMEV) 8

Vaccinia Virus 10

Variola vera (Smallpox) 57

Mouse Hepatitis Virus (MHV-A59) 8

Mouse Hepatitis Virus (MHV-JHM) 8

Mouse Parvovirus type 1 (MPV-1) 8

Murine Parainfluenza Virus Type 1 (Sendai) 8

Newcastle Disease Virus 8

Yersinia ruckeri ATCC 29473 31



Firstly, Chironomid larvae represent 27.

Furthermore, there are 34 instances of Cryptosporidium.

In addition to this, there are 9 occurrences of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts.

Moreover, Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts were observed 41 times.

Additionally, there were 34 recorded instances of Giardia.


microorganisms: fungi

Firstly, Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris 17 is on the list.

Secondly, Bacillus coagulans 12 is another bacterium worth mentioning.

Furthermore, Bacillus anthracis 10 is a notable addition to the list.

In addition, Bacillus anthracis Ames 30 is closely related to Bacillus anthracis.

Additionally, Bacillus atrophaeus 14 is another bacterium to consider.

Moreover, Bacillus atrophaeus ATCC 49337 31 is a specific strain of Bacillus atrophaeus.

First and foremost, Bacillus megaterium 12 is worth mentioning.

In addition to Bacillus megaterium 12, Bacillus polymyxa 12 is another significant species.

Furthermore, Bacillus pumilus ATCC 27142 12 is part of this group.

Moreover, Bacillus pumilus ATCC 27147 11 is also noteworthy.

Additionally, Bacillus subtilis (globigii) ATCC 9372 11 deserves attention.

Lastly, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 19659 31 is a prominent member of this list.

First and foremost, Bacillus subtilis 5230 12 is a key component of this dataset.

In addition, Bacillus thuringiensis 18 is another relevant entry.

Similarly, Clostridium sporogenes ATCC 19404 12 is an important strain to consider.

Furthermore, Geobacillus stearothermophilus ATCC 12980 11 is a noteworthy bacterium in this context.

Moreover, Geobacillus stearothermophilus ATCC 7953 31 plays a significant role in this dataset.

Equally important, Geobacillus stearothermophilus VPHP 11 is part of this collection.

These transitions help improve the flow of the content and provide a clearer connection between the different points.

Effective Chemical Decontamination Strategies:

Effective Chemical Decontamination Strategies
  • Firstly, it’s important to note that Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) has a toxicity rating of 25.

  • Additionally, in the realm of toxicity ratings, Dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide is rated at 24.

  • Moreover, when examining toxic substances, Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) also scores a toxicity rating of 25.

  • On the other hand, it’s a stark contrast as Mustard Gas has a significantly higher rating of 46.

  • In contrast, Ricin Toxin is considerably less toxic with a rating of 10.

  • Likewise, Sarin is rated at 46, which is the same as Mustard Gas.

  • Similarly, Soman (GD) also falls under the toxicity rating of 46.

  • Furthermore, in the category of highly toxic chemicals, VX is another chemical agent with a toxicity rating of 46.


microorganisms Algae/Fungi/Mold/Yeast
Firstly, let’s explore the following fungal species:
To start with, we have Alternaria alternate at number 26.
Moving on, we encounter Aspergillus aeneus, which is also at 28.
Additionally, we find Aspergillus aurolatus at 28 as well.
Likewise, Aspergillus brunneo-uniseriatus is another species listed at 28.
Similarly, Aspergillus caespitosus can also be found at 28.
Continuing in this manner, we have Aspergillus cervinus at the same count of 28.
Furthermore, Aspergillus clavatonanicus is another species in the list with 28.
Not to forget, Aspergillus aegyptiacus also falls under this category with a count of 28.
In a similar vein, Aspergillus elongates is listed at 28.
Likewise, Aspergillus fischeri can be seen at 28 as well.
Next up is Aspergillus fumigatus, also categorized at 28.
Additionally, Aspergillus giganteus is in the mix at 28.
Equally important, Aspergillus longivesica can be found at the same count of 28.
Contrastingly, Aspergillus niger stands out with a count of 12.
In the same list, Aspergillus ochraceus is also listed at 28.
Moving forward, Aspergillus parvathecius falls under the category of 28.
Moreover, Aspergillus sydowii is another species with a count of 28.
Similarly, Aspergillus unguis can be found at 28.
Finally, rounding up the list, Aspergillus ustus and Aspergillus versicolor are both listed at 28.

Firstly, Botrytis spp. accounted for 3 instances.

Notably, Botrytis cinerea was observed 47 times.

Moreover, Candida spp. were detected 5 times.

Specifically, Candida albicans was present in 28 instances.

Additionally, Candida dubliniensis and Candida maltose were each found 28 times.

Furthermore, Candida parapsilosis, Candida sake, Candida tropicalis, and Candida viswanathan also occurred 28 times.

In contrast, Chaetomium globosum and Cladosporium cladosporioides each accounted for 7 instances.

Notably, Cryptococcus curvatus A and Cryptosporiopsis perennans were recorded 45 and 47 times, respectively.

Similarly, Debaryomyces etchellsii was found 28 times.

Moreover, Eurotium spp. were identified 5 times.

Finally, Fusarium solani was observed 3 times, while Lodderomyces elongisporus and Mucor circinelloides, as well as Mucor flavus, were each present 28 times.

Mucor indicus 28

Mucor piriformis 47

Mucor racemosus 28

Mucor ramosissimus 28

Mucor saturnus 28

Penicillium chrysogenum 7

Penicillium digitatum 3

Penicillium expansum 47

Penicillium herquei 28

Penicillium spp. 5

Phormidium boneri 3

Pichia pastoris 3

Poitrasia circinans 28

Rhizopus oryzae 28

Roridin A 33

Saccharomyces cerevisiae 3

Stachybotrys bisbee 45

Stachybotrys chartarum 7

T-mentag (athlete’s foot fungus) 3 Verrucarin A 33  

Beta Lactams

Beta Lactams

Furthermore, Amoxicillin 29

In addition, Ampicillin 29

Moreover, Cefadroxil 29

Additionally, Cefazolin 29

 Cephalexin 29

Imipenem 29

Penicillin G 29

Furthermore, Penicillin V 29


microorganisms: Microsporidia

Encephalitozoon intestinalis 41

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